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[Mar. 13th, 2012|11:47 am]
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So...after the turn of heel, the bottom stitches on the heel point forward.  The stitches at the top of the foot point forward.  But the sides of the heel stitches (the part of the former heel flap that wraps around the sides) still point downward, as do the cuff stitches.  How to make that change in direction?   It's tricky because this is the thickest part of the foot--the ankle joint itself--and the shape is complex.   To be really comfortable, a sock has to be fitted around the foot.   The heel flap and turn made the extra room for the heel.  But if you think about it, if the stitches that weren't in the heel flap--and are now on top of the foot--were extended by themselves--they'd point forward (good) and the stitches from under the heel would point forward (good) but they wouldn't meet until closer to the front of the foot.   There'd be a triangular gap on each side of the foot, with the heel flap's vertical edge as the back, the horizontal stitches of the bottom of the foot on the bottom, and the slant of the top-of-foot stitches coming down as the top of the foot flattens toward the toes.  

What fills in that gap?   The gusset.    The gusset consists of forward (or toe-ward) facing stitches.  Part one:  when you've knit a heel-bottom row, pick up the stitches on those vertical sides of the heel flap,  


It helps if you've followed directions to slip a stitch at the beginning of each row, because then there are looser stitches to pick up.  If you didn't (I didn't) you get to mutter at yourself as you struggle to pick up the non-loose edge stitches.  Those stitches will face forward, and fill the gap (more than fill it, as the foot gets flatter toward the toes) and now all your stitches--bottom, top, and sides--are facing forward.   The only tricky bits are the decreases on each side to reduce the too-many-stitches you need at the back of the foot to the number you need for the front of the foot.  The only tricky part about that is remembering that some decreases "lean left" and some "lean right" and you want to use one of each--but the same one on the same side of the foot every time.   I did that.   I also chose to decrease to a little more than my starting number of stitches, because my ankles and bottom of leg are thick (puffy, actually--used to be skinny), but my foot is narrow.   My mother's sock had a 48 stitch cast-on--I used 64--but decreased the foot beyond the gusset to 60 in one sock and 58 in the other (test cases--I'll see which I like or if they both needed to be brought down more.)

Past the gusset, it's just foot until you start the toe decreases.   How far that is depends on the length and the shape of your foot....and since making one's own socks is an exercise aimed at more comfortable socks...the only rule is "make 'em comfortable."     I'm now into the foot section, and this is what the socks look like now:



It's a very cloudy day, and I was unable to get a good enough picture of the gusset structure even with the back door open for more light and the kitchen light on.  My feet are propped up on a horse wormer bucket--that we use for storing bird seed--in an attempt to get more light from the open back door.   The flash washes out stitch details.  Without the undersocks on I use in these pictures, the socks are wonderfully comfortable on my feet, as far as they go.  If it weren't for the four double-pointed needles in them, I'd be tempted to leave one on while working on the other. 

  
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Comments:
[User Picture]From: violinknitter
2012-03-13 07:45 pm (UTC)

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Very nice!
[User Picture]From: violinknitter
2012-03-13 07:47 pm (UTC)

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Oh, also (and you may already know this), when I'm taking close-up shots of my knitting, I use the same camera setting I use for close-ups of flowers. Probably wouldn't help in this kind of low-light environment, but generally it helps me get fairly good pictures of my projects.
[User Picture]From: e_moon60
2012-03-13 08:49 pm (UTC)

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That's a good idea. I have a zoom lens on this camera, but didn't think to change the exposure setting to close-up (I often don't...just leave it on Auto and make other adjustments with the zoom and the focus.)
[User Picture]From: ozdragonlady
2012-03-14 08:58 am (UTC)

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um .. I realise this is a little late in the proceedings for this comment, but .. and I also realise you have been copying your mothers sox ..

Have you considered using a short-row heel? It seems a lot less complicated than these flaps and such - although possibly the flap version lasts longer in wear ...

http://www.cosmicpluto.com/blog/as-promised-a-short-row-heel-tutorial/
seems a good enough version - has lots of nice pictures. If not, googling "short row heel" will get you any number of helpful entries.

[User Picture]From: e_moon60
2012-03-14 06:24 pm (UTC)

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Thanks for the link. It's all a matter of what you want. I like the heel-flap because it can be easily reinforced for more cushiony and thicker heels, as well as more durable heels if you use nylon-reinforced yarn there. The short-row-heel (though almost all heel turnings involve some short-row knitting) produces a diagonal join like that in commercial socks, with the sock thickness the same in the heel as in the ankle and foot. I've had a problem with hiking shoes and boots (what I wear most of the time)--the heels are nearly always too wide for me, and then they rub, damaging both the inside of the shoe's heel and my socks (and my heels, if it goes on too long.) So the heel flap is perfect for me...I get some extra padding over the ankle-bones (when I had skinnier legs, I was always nicking the medial ankle-bone with the heel of the opposite foot--not to mention rocks and thorny stuff on trails) and the additional thickness to stabilize the heel in the shoe.

Shoe fitters nearly always want to put me in shorter shoes to force my heel to stay back--but that's not really the answer (and I have turned=up big toes that need room in the toe box.)

So while this kind of heel might work well for "church socks" to be worn with my "church flats," I have a utilitarian reason for wanting the heel-flap form of sock. This first pair I did without the extra yarn padding, so I wasn't confused by yet another variable, but the next pair will have it. (I also noted from the comments that these were "toe-up" sock knitters, and I started "cuff down". The direction dictates some of the decisions you can make.)

Edited at 2012-03-14 06:25 pm (UTC)